FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享Andy Balaskovitz for Midwest Energy News:Michigan Gov. Rick Snyder’s statewide 30 percent clean energy goal by 2025 wouldn’t necessarily expand renewable energy at all — a realization that was slow to reach the public, according to emails released earlier this month in relation to the Flint water crisis.As first reported by ClimateWire last week, a policy brief prepared for the governor’s office suggests that the media had been misreporting Snyder’s energy plan by saying a 30 percent clean energy goal could be met with a combination of renewables and energy efficiency.“If asked: the media has finally figured out that the 30% goal by 2025 language from your energy message that made it into legislation doesn’t actually involve building any more renewables,” according to the email.Full article: Flint emails shed light on Michigan governor’s energy strategy Michigan’s Clean Energy Goals Less Ambitious Than Reported
PacifiCorp gets final approvals for $3 billion wind power expansion FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享Recharge News:PacifiCorp will proceed with a $3bn wind and related transmission expansion plan after it received two final state approvals needed to advance the Energy Vision 2020 initiative, said officials at the utility holding company.Plans call for adding three new wind projects totaling 1.15 GW of power generation capacity and a new 140-mile (225 km) transmission line in Wyoming, and repowering 900 MW of existing facilities in Washington state and Wyoming.The new wind projects will increase the amount of owned and contracted wind capacity on PacifiCorp’s system by more than 60% and will add enough new wind energy to power more than 400,000 average homes by 2020, according to the utility.PacifiCorp, which is owned by Warren Buffett’s Berkshire Hathaway conglomerate, says that repowering older wind farms will boost electricity output by more than 25% and extend the life of wind turbines.The final regulatory approvals were from the Utah Public Service Commission on 22 June and Idaho Public Utilities Commission last Friday.PacifiCorp owns two utilities: Pacific Power, whose service territory includes northern California, Oregon and southeastern Washington; and Rocky Mountain Power, covering eastern Idaho, and much of Utah and Wyoming. PacifiCorp now estimates its total investment for the Energy Vision 2020 projects will be “just over” $3bn, a reduction from the initial $3.5bn cost projection estimate when they were first announced in April 2017.More: Buffett utility gets final approvals for $3bn wind expansion
State agencies challenge utility’s plan to purchase gas-fired power plant in Minnesota FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享Minneapolis Star Tribune:Xcel Energy’s proposed $650 million purchase of a gas-fired power plant in Mankato has run into strong opposition from two state agencies concerned about its potential impact on ratepayers.Minneapolis-based Xcel in November announced its intent to buy the large power plant from Atlanta-based Southern Power. Xcel currently buys electricity from the Mankato plant on a long-term contract. The company says owning the facility would entail significant savings for ratepayers and would help preserve electric grid reliability.But the Minnesota Department of Commerce concluded that Xcel’s proposed ownership of the Mankato plant “is unlikely to create substantial savings,” according to a recent regulatory filing. “Overall, Xcel has not shown need or any net benefits to ratepayers for Xcel’s proposed (gas plant) purchase.” Meanwhile, the Minnesota Attorney General’s Office slammed the deal in a recent regulatory filing, saying Xcel “structured the proposed acquisition in an opaque backroom deal and in the absence of any competition, transparency or meaningful need for alternative analysis.”The two state offices represent the public before the Minnesota Public Utilities Commission (PUC), which is likely to decide next month on the Mankato deal.Xcel, Minnesota’s largest electric utility, rejects criticisms from both agencies, noting in a statement to the Star Tribune that it has followed the “appropriate process” with its acquisition proposal. Xcel said the Mankato deal is vital for system stability as the company adds variable solar and wind energy while closing its coal-fired power plants, a primary source of constant power. “The purchase of the Mankato Energy Center will help pave the way to exit the use of coal in the Upper Midwest a decade earlier than planned,” Xcel said in the statement. The company declined to make an executive available for comment.In a PUC filing, the Commerce Department questioned whether the Mankato purchase is needed to facilitate Xcel’s early exit from coal.More: Regulators rip Xcel’s proposed $650 million deal for Mankato power plant
Coal losses prompt Spain’s Endesa to speed renewable energy investments FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享S&P Global Market Intelligence ($):Endesa SA is going all out on wind and solar power to replace money-losing coal plants in Spain and Portugal, executives said, after write-offs on the legacy assets dragged down the utility’s net income by 80% in 2019.Endesa, one of Spain’s largest utilities, is planning to close most of its remaining coal plants by 2021 in light of deteriorating market conditions for the fossil fuel, resulting from low gas and high carbon prices. To make up for the lost capacity, CFO Luca Passa said the company will aim to ramp up its spending on renewables.“The plan is to accelerate as much as we can,” Passa told analysts on a Feb. 25 earnings call, noting that Endesa already plans to increase its capital expenditure from €1.9 billion in 2019 to €2.2 billion in 2022. “If we have the opportunity to spend more capex, even in 2020, we will do so,” Passa said.Endesa, which is owned by Italian renewables giant Enel SpA, recorded impairments of €1.47 billion on coal-fired units in Spain and Portugal, which helped drag down its net income by €1.41 billion to only €171 million for the full year.Endesa already spent 40% of its investment in 2019 on new renewables and said last fall that it expects to spend a total of €3.8 billion on green power between 2019 and 2022. CEO José Bogas previously announced that the utility will replace its 1.1-GW coal plant in Teruel with 1.7 GW of renewables.As it stands, the company said it has 5.4 GW of new solar and wind capacity ready to come online, the bulk of it between now and 2022. Prodiel, a Spanish solar developer, sold 10 projects worth a combined 1 GW to Endesa in December 2019 and Passa said that around 100 MW of capacity from the deal could already come online this year.[Yannic Rack]More ($): Endesa doubles down on renewables to replace money-losing coal plants in Spain
A rookie rock climber gets schooled at Seneca Rocks.There’s a green ammunition can tucked into a crevice at the top of a mountain in West Virginia. Open it and you’ll find a log book, where climbers write things like “AMAZING” in all-caps. There’s also a warm bottle of beer, some sunscreen, a condom, a matchbox car. If you want to write a note in the log book or leave something cool, like an action figure, you have to climb the South Peak of Seneca Rocks, a fin of rock that rises 900 feet from a ridge inside the Monongahela National Forest. It’s not an impossible task—there are much harder climbs in the South, but nothing with the same sense of character. The South Peak is the only mountain east of the Mississippi that you can only summit via a technical rock climb. The only way up is sheer, vertical rock that hangs over the North Fork River valley. The exposure from South Peak can induce vertigo instantly, and yet, thanks to the diversity of mild routes and professionalism at Seneca Rocks Climbing School, there is no better place for a would-be climber to learn multi-pitch traditional skills in the South. You just have to work up the nerve to climb.Seneca Rocks is intimidating even from the valley floor. The crag has a Western look to it, with two big walls of gray sandstone reaching into the thin, misty clouds most mornings. A trail leads to the top of the North Peak of Seneca, but a deep notch separates the North Peak from the South Peak. The cliff is so unlike anything else you’ll see in the Southern Appalachians, it looks cartoonish—like the kind of mountain peaks Dr. Seuss might have drawn. Distinct knobs and arêtes give the cliff a jagged, fin-like appearance.“What that is, is the exposed back of a monster. When the real end of the world comes, that monster is going to rise up so big, it’ll make a Cracken look like an ant.”This is Bob, a recently retired UPS driver who’s been climbing Seneca for more than 30 years. I’ve just met Bob, but in less than four minutes, he’s convinced me that climbing Seneca is one of the few things a man can truly be proud of. He’s also convinced me I’m completely out of my league.We’re sitting at opposing tables on the front porch of the only restaurant in unincorporated Seneca Rocks, an outpost with half a dozen buildings at a crossroads inside the Monongahela National Forest.Bob is three beers into the night and keeps telling me things like, “Seneca is so steep, it doesn’t even get wet when it rains,” and “there are 5.2s on Seneca that make me nervous.”There’s some truth to this last statement. Most climbers agree that the majority of routes at Seneca have sandbagged grades, so a 5.4 at Seneca might be rated a 5.7 somewhere else. Seneca is so old, a majority of the easier routes on this cliff were established in the early ‘40s, when 5.10 was the hardest conceivable route. The 5.2 grade given to Old Man’s route, a four-pitch route that traverses the west face of South Peak to the summit, had more weight.“I climb 5.12 in the gym, but I get sketched out on some 5.4’s at Seneca,” says Jimmy, Bob’s climbing partner.Awesome.But this is why Seneca Rocks Climbing School exists: to translate the myth of Seneca and churn out legitimate rock climbers. Like thousands before me, I’ve signed up for the school’s “Gym to Crag” course, a two-day intensive camp designed to take climbers with decent movement skills and turn them into competent, thoughtful trad climbers.Climbers gather on the porch of the Seneca Rocks Climbing School after a day on the rock.J.LO’S NOSESeneca Rocks Climbing School is located in a small, one-story building attached to the back of the Gendarme, Seneca’s oldest climbing shop. The two businesses are owned by the same family and run by the same handful of young guides. The school has set the standard for climbing instruction on the East Coast for more than 35 years. During the ‘70s, the shop and school were operated out of the back of a Volkswagen bus, so the humble retail and teaching space seem downright spacious considering.Massey Teel is the head instructor and guide. He’s barely 30 and has the wiry build of a runner. He’s been with Seneca for six seasons, but grew up on a 300-acre family farm near Charlottesville, Va. and still goes home to tinker with projects like growing hops. During the fall, he guides trips in Red Rocks, Nevada. In the Winter, he runs the adaptive skiing program at Virginia’s Wintergreen Resort. He is a rarity in the South: a professional guide.“If I could guide until I’m 50, I’d be happy,” he tells me during our approach to the crag on the first day of the course. He’s using the term “guide” loosely. He’s more of an instructor than a guide.“If someone just wants us to guide them up the summit, we’ll do it,” Teel says. “But I’d rather spend my time teaching that person how to really climb.”There’s plenty of action in the Gym to Crag course, but the two days are also loaded with materials lessons, mock multi-pitch scenarios, anchor-building pop quizzes, and knot-tying homework.We hump our way up the Stair Master, a series of boulder steps that rise from Seneca Creek to base of the South Peak. Teel carries 35 pounds of trad gear in his oversized pack and lets me get away with just a few carabiners and the rope.We drop our gear on the Luncheon Ledge, a six-foot-wide belay station at the base of some easy top-rope climbs. This is the school’s choice location for “Ground School.” Two other guides are there, working students through the same Gym to Crag curriculum. A father and two teenage sons are busy learning the terminology and gear associated with traditional climbing.Most beginners start in a gym, then dabble with top-roping with climber friends. It’s a fine pastime, but if you want to climb well in the Southern Appalachians, you have to learn the art of traditional climbing, where the lead climber sets temporary protection in cracks along the route, and the second climber cleans the protection from the rock. The climbing team moves up the wall, pitch after pitch, taking turns belaying and climbing. It is a symbiotic relationship unlike any other in the sport. Every decision the lead makes directly affects the second, and vice versa.Teel explains the subtleties in the necklace of nuts, caribiners, and spring-loaded cams that he organizes meticulously on his harness. The lesson? Presentation is everything. How you organize your gear, how you coil a rope–it shows other climbers that you know what you’re doing and can be trusted.I fumble with the little things, like taking carabiners off the gear loops of my harness. Tying the standard figure eight knot is like a puzzle I can’t solve.There are half-a-dozen climbers on the South Peak, spread out between 150 routes. On a busy weekend, you might wait in line to knock out some of the more popular climbs, but Seneca doesn’t see the mass of climbers it saw during its heyday.In the early ‘90s, Seneca Rocks was one of the hottest climbing destinations in the East. Superstars put up hard routes until there wasn’t room for further development. So they moved to the New River Gorge in the late 90s. When a bolting ban constricted route setting in the New, they moved to the Red River Gorge, in Kentucky. Seneca is still well respected, but no longer enjoys the “it crag” status.If you look at Seneca on paper, it can’t compare with crags like the New River Gorge. Seneca has 350 routes. The New has 2,000 and counting. But the New is dominated by single pitch routes, whereas Seneca is fraught with long, multi-pitch climbs that rise hundreds of feet. There are taller cliffs, like the 1,200-foot granite face of Laurel Knob in North Carolina, but the granite in North Carolina tends to slope, so you can only see one pitch below you. Not so, in Seneca.“As far as exposure, Seneca kills it in the East. There’s nothing with this sort of explore,” Teel tells me as we scramble around the edge of the South Peak to the east face of the wall. “It has these incredible arêtes with a lot of air below.”Lizards scatter as we move across the rocks, scrambling to the east face of the South Peak. You can hear cicadas tearing up the valley below us, sending loud, repetitive screeches through the mountains and gaps.We climb the three pitch Up and Coming (5.4), which has a couple of sketchy stem moves for the crux on the first pitch. I like having to clean the gear as I move up the rock. It gives me something to think about other than the fact that I’m 600 feet above the ground.The third pitch leads us up Humphrey’s Head, a singular arête along the lower ridge of the South Peak. Climbers call the last pitch “picking the nose,” because if you’re watching from the valley, it looks like the climber is ascending into Humphrey’s nose.Teel says the profile of the rock we’re climbing looks like J Lo from the valley floor.Standing on top of Humphrey’s Head, we look down on turkey vultures circling near the cliffs below us.Day one ends with homework: I fall asleep in my tent working on my knots with a piece of practice rope.THE SOUTH PEAK CAMPAIGN“The higher we go, the more loose rock we’ll encounter,” Teel tells me as we climb the Stair Master on the morning of day two. He’s describing the four-pitch climb we’ll take up the west face to the summit. “Always remember this is a cliff. And big things fall off of cliffs.”We start on Prune (5.5), with a tough laid back move up a wide crack. It’s physically demanding, but low enough to the ground that it’s not psychologically troubling. After Prune, we traverse a short ledge to Front C (5.6), the toughest pitch of the day. The heart of the route follows a crack in the corner of the wall for 30 feet. At the crux, you have to set your feet wide, spanning the width of the corner, while you jam your hands into the ever-widening crack for purchase. At one point, I have to stick my whole left forearm into the crack and squeeze, pulling my body up to the next foothold.The final pitch, Le Gourmet (5.4), is up a chimney that gets thinner until it delivers you onto an arête that you follow into thin air just short of the summit. The moves are simple, but the exposure is mind-numbing. From the top of Le Gourmet, Teel wraps the rope around his own waist to create a simple body belay as I down-climb a cliff to the narrow South Ridge, then we scramble along bright white quartzite to the true summit, where the ammo can waits.From the top, you can see the razor-thin fin of rock running to the north and south. The valley rolls away below us before rising into dark green mountains in all directions. In 1939, it took the first group of climbers two full days of climbing to stand on top of Seneca Rocks. It was a legitimate summit campaign. It still is.“Seneca is a mini-alpine environment where you can learn all these great summit-specific skills–down climbing, scrambling, body belaying–that you can apply in bigger environments,” Teel says. And you don’t have to be a superstar to enjoy it. “You can come up here, climb a 5.2, and have a true alpine adventure.”web extra!Learn how to open a beer with a carabiner from Seneca Rocks Climbing School.Ever wonder which Colleges are the most outdoorsy along the East Coast? We did too so we made a guide!
As you can see this little guy packs a punch and is quite compact.Take a moment and think about one object you carry with you every day.Most likely you answered with the obvious like keys, wallet, and cell phone. In nowadays society, if you step out the door without all three of these you feel like you forgot to put pants on. You carry them everywhere, which is exactly why you need the Gerber Dime keychain tool.The Dime is Gerber’s newest take on the ever-popular keychain multi-tool, except this time around Gerber is firing on all cylinders. The Dime packs 10 tools into a lightweight 2.2 oz package that only measures 2.75” when closed. No wonder they called it the Dime, it offers the kitchen sink and then some but won’t be dragging your pants down.The 10 choice tools you will find are wire cutters, retail package opener, medium flathead driver, bottle opener, file, pliers, fine edge blade, scissors, crosshead driver, and tweezers. There was a lot of thought put into this little guy on both form and function. While the tool is attractive and sleek, they had the foresight to spring-load the scissors and put the most used and important tool on the outside, the bottle opener.I put the Dime on my set of keys, and have used it on almost a daily basis. From opening boxes to opening brews it’s one of those pieces of gear that you forget just how handy it is. While it is great to have a multi-tool handy in normal conditions, you will be darn happy you’re packing the Dime if put into a survival situation. Have you ever read Hatchet by Gary Paulsen, yea he wasn’t exactly planning on spending a lengthy vacation on that lake.I spend a good bit of time out in the woods either trail running or mountain biking and I always carry my keys with me. Already the Dime saved the day on a recent mountain bike ride. We used the pliers to bend back my buddy’s rear derailleur hanger, something virtually impossible to do without pliers, and he was able to make it back to the car under his own power.For only $22 dollars the Dime is a steal. They offer three colors, black, red, or green, all with a lifetime warranty. My only complaint with the Dime would be where you loop the tool onto your keychain. It looks a little too minimal, but my easy fix for this was looping the tool onto my keys by the bottle opener (this did not effect the ability to use bottle opener). The Dime is a refreshingly well thought out take on the keychain multi-tool, and will pay for itself multiple times over.Bottom Line: Buy the Dime, it will save your ass more times than you could keep track of.Looking for other great gear reviews, then check out our Gear page
Royal Robbins, a renowned rock climber, environmental activist, and all around adventure pioneer, has passed away at the age of 82 according to the apparel company that bears his name.“We are deeply saddened to report that our founder and legendary rock climber Royal Robbins passed away Tuesday, March 14 after a long illness,” the brand noted on its website and Facebook page.“Royal was a leading figure in the Golden Age of Yosemite Valley climbing and was one of the first and most vocal proponents of clean climbing. In 1967, Royal and (wife) Liz Robbins made the first ascent of Nutcracker in the Yosemite Valley using only removable nuts for protection. It was the first climb of its kind in the United States and it started a clean climbing revolution.”Robbins, who was born in West Virginia, ushered in the age of Big Rock Climbing with numerous first ascents inlcuding El Capitan’s Salathe Wall and North American Wall in Yosemite and the first free ascent of the Open Book in Tahquitz, California.When a bout with arthritis ended his wildly successful climbing career, Robbins set his sights on the world of extreme whitewater kayaking, completing multiple first descents and bagging kayaking’s famed Triple Crown alongside fellow adventure pioneers Doug Tompkins and Yvonne Chouinard.The Triple Crown includes the Middle Fork of the Kings River, the San Joaquin Gorge, and the 55-mile Kern Trench, all in California.Robbins also wrote two influential rock climbing books, Basic Rockcraft and Advanced Rockcraft, effectively steering the culture of the sport in a more ethical, “Leave No Trace” direction.
A 62-year-old man fathered nine children by raping his own daughter for more than thirty years, according to authorities in Argentina. “I felt for 30 years that I was worse than a prisoner,” Elvira Gomez, 43, told Argentine newspaper Clarin Friday. Elvira’s father, Armando Gomez, faces up to 20 years in prison on charges of aggravated sexual abuse with a relative. Gomez denies the charges. “The suspect is maintaining his innocence but the DNA tests have confirmed his paternity,” investigating judge Virgilio Palud said Wednesday. Police arrested Armando at his home in Molinos Nicanor in June on suspicion of stealing cattle, Clarin reported. Elvira reported the alleged abuse to authorities in Santa Fe six days later. “He always had a loaded gun,” she told Clarin. Authorities found a homemade shotgun during the arrest. “He said, ‘I’m going to go to prison, but I’m going to kill you first.'” “Since I was a girl, he beat me with whatever he had on hand: a rod or a machete that cut me up,” she said. Paternity tests confirmed Armando as the father of Elvira’s youngest nine children, but the eldest killed himself a day before his eighteenth birthday. “He had found a letter explaining all of it – he had learned that his grandfather was his father,” Elvira told Clarin. “At the time I said nothing.” “I never suspected anything,” Germain Gomez, 20, told Clarin. “He was always my grandfather until we got the news…I was working on a dairy farm in Cordoba when I heard.” Family life in the Gomez home during years of continuing abuse, Elvira said. “My relationship with my children was never good, because they suffered when he abused me. And they were also punished. Nicholas (my son of 23 years)…could not stand that he hit me and afterwards came to defend me. For that, he was given scars and bruises on his hands, arms, head and back,” she told LaCapital. Elvira was almost two when her mother died, she said – and she blames her father. “I was one year and eight months, and nothing can change my mind that he did something to her,” she told Clarin. “He was a very bad man.” Armando’s relatives have denied the charges and pressured her to lie about the case, Elvira said, but the DNA tests have vindicated her story. “Now I am also against my sister,” she said to LaCapital. “She told me that my father had also abused her, but later denied it before the judge and portrayed me as a liar. Something similar happened when my uncle asked me to lie before the judge and to take the blame.” “He [Armando] denied everything and said I denounced him because I wanted to…but then the results of the eight DNA analyses came. This confirmed that they are his children, but he continued to deny his responsibility.” “But I’m doing something. I have to tell what happened and how I lived.” she said. By Dialogo December 03, 2010 This is horrific, they should have reported that man years ago and not let someone suffer so much. This is the fault of the family that lets men like this do what they want and are not held accountable. This man is so discusting; to abuse his daughter but women should not keep silent but this abusive guy should be given the death penalty for being a rapist and for the mistreatment of his own daughter. This man deserves the worst treatment in prison. This father deserves the biggest punishment on Earth and I donâ€™t know why she didnâ€™t report him sooner or why the children waited so long; or is it because the laws in their country didnâ€™t offer protection. God bless the family and all of those daughters that are orphaned. Twenty years in prison is nothing for what this monster did, he wonâ€™t live long enough to pay for what he did, he will need a few reincarnationsâ€¦my question? How is it that a neighbor, relative or friend didnâ€™t notice what was obviously happening, if she didnâ€™t have a husband who was impregnating her? Congratulations to that courageous woman. As for the monster and his accomplices, itâ€™s not enough.
By Dialogo April 01, 2012 On March 20-21, 2012, military and civilian journalists, Web gurus and social communicators from various levels and ranks across Central America, South America and the Caribbean came together at the United States Southern Command (SOUTHCOM) for an editorial exchange of ideas and information on collaboration. SOUTHCOM’s Diálogo magazine staff hosted the first Senior Editor’s Conference at its headquarters, where 17 members of equivalent military and defense magazines from Brazil, Chile, Colombia, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay and Peru met to discuss editorial topics common to all, including surviving under the current economic realities facing defense budgets the world over. Vice Admiral Joseph Kernan, military deputy commander at SOUTHCOM, highlighted the importance of the work journalists carry out as communicators. “I think there’s a lesson to be learned no matter the ups and downs of our countries: The militaries are always committed to the same thing, we are committed to our people and you [journalists] all have a big responsibility to communicate this to our people … to connect to our young people.” Some representatives, such as retired Brazilian Navy Vice Admiral Armando De Senna Bittencourt of the Revista Marítima Brasileira and Navigator magazine, discussed the importance of keeping history alive (with printed products) in the face of an all-encompassing digital approach that is pushing publications everywhere to the Web. “Our publication serves as a historical reference, not only of the Navy, but of Brazil itself as seen from the sea,” said Vice Adm. De Senna Bittencourt. On the other hand, the Chilean Military’s Joint General Staff Command representatives, journalist Javier Briones Bellet and Chilean Navy Captain Javier Sánchez Liberona, highlighted the fact that they are a digital-only media source, not only for environmental reasons and budgetary restrictions, but also because there is no limit to the audience they can reach. “This allows our public to be more interactive … and this approach generates a collaborative team effort across all levels,” Briones Bellet added. Still, he pointed out that the Joint Command is “the exception to the rule” because each individual branch of the Chilean Armed Forces continues to produce printed magazines. Others proudly boasted of the importance of the messages their publications carry to their populations in an effort to highlight the positive actions of their Armed Forces. “Peru moves forward, develops because its Armed Forces are there to provide it security,” said Army Colonel Alejandro Teobaldo Luján Castro of the Peruvian Armed Forces Joint Command magazine, Comando en Acción. Colonel Freddy Fuentes Yancor, representing the Guatemalan Army’s Joint Command military magazine, expressed that through their publication, they are “exporting peace to other countries.” Diálogo magazine’s Editorial Conference brought together partner nations in an editorial context, opening a forum where participants realized they all face similar concerns about budgetary restrictions and keeping up with modern technological advances. As a result, agreements were made to initiate a collaborative approach in which partner nations will promote information sharing among each other by cross-referencing resources, exchanging articles, photos and facts on events and exercises relevant to the entire region.
By Dialogo July 11, 2013 This round of talks between Ecuador and Peru has been held since 2000, after signing a definitive peace accord in 1998, in order to follow up on the bilateral cooperation agenda, which has focused on security issues and the fight against organized crime in recent years. Risk management, natural disasters, human rights within the Armed Forces and the fight against illegal mining are among the topics included on the agenda of the XVIII Round of Military Talks between Peruvian and Ecuadorean Armed Forces’ chiefs of staff, held from July 9 to 11 in Cuenca, Ecuador. The event was aimed at boosting mutual trust and developing a concept of comprehensive security within the South American region through reinforcing cooperation bonds between the military forces of both nations, as well as establishing professional ties between military institutions. The delegations were headed by the Chief of the Joint Command of the Armed Forces from each country, Lieutenant General Leonardo Barreiro from Ecuador, and Admiral José Cueto from Peru. During the inauguration of the XVII Round, Lt. Gen. Barreiro said, “these conversations strengthen the bonds of friendship, camaraderie, professionalism, and mutual trust existing between both countries.” Meanwhile, Adm. Cueto appreciated the hospitality and promised to work on the development of both nations.