AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Advertisement 15 total views, 2 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Howard Lake | 15 August 2000 | News About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving. Direct Line funds Motability’s newsletters Direct Line plc, the UK’s largest motor insurer, has agreed a £20,000 sponsorship deal with disability charity Motability. The award will fund the printing and production of Motability’s fundraising newsletters to supporters as well as their Case for Support brochures that are sent to companies and trusts. Motability estimates that the deal will help it “realise over £250,000 over the next year.”
ReddIt Andrew Van Heusden is a senior journalism and film-television-digital media major from Brighton, Michigan. He is looking forward to being the digital producer this semester for TCU Student Media. He claims to live in Moudy South throughout the weekdays; but if you can’t find him there, then be sure to try the local movie theaters or the Amon G. Carter Stadium. + posts Listen: Frogflix (Season 2): Episode 14 Andrew Van Heusdenhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/andrew-van-heusden/ Facebook Twitter Linkedin Listen: Frogflix (Season 2): Episode 15 – Parts 1 & 2 Andrew Van Heusdenhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/andrew-van-heusden/ Andrew Van Heusdenhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/andrew-van-heusden/ Linkedin TCU places second in the National Student Advertising Competition, the highest in school history Listen: Ball Don’t Lie: Parting Shots Andrew Van Heusdenhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/andrew-van-heusden/ Listen: Frogflix (Season 2): Episode 13 Facebook Twitter ReddIt printFailed to fetch Error: URL to the PDF file must be on exactly the same domain as the current web page. Click here for more infoVolume 116, Issue 21: New Fine Arts BuildingAlso: “The Office Gif Club” GroupMe, Horned Frogs inch closer to NCAA March Madness tournament and more. Previous articleNo. 14 beach volleyball prepares for Fight in the FortNext articleOscars: Which films are competing for Best Picture Sunday, where to watch them Andrew Van Heusden RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR World Oceans Day shines spotlight on marine plastic pollution Andrew Van Heusden Welcome TCU Class of 2025
Facebook34Tweet0Pin0 Submitted by Hirsch Center for Integrative MedicineAt Hirsch Center for Integrative Medicine, we welcome new patients into our practice almost every day. Some people have done their research and are eager to begin working with an integrative holistic provider while others know very little about what to expect from an integrative medicine practice.It isn’t essential that a patient understand all of the principles of integrative holistic medicine in order to heal and receive the best care. Whether the patient possesses the knowledge or not, our team of skilled providers and front desk staff hold the vision for this type of medicine. But sometimes, and for some people, when they have a fuller understanding of the environment, and the medicine being practiced, they can have a deeper, more meaningful experience and get the most out of their healing journey.So what is an Integrative Medicine Practice? The American Board of Integrative Holistic Medicine outlines the principles of integrative holistic medicine as follows:Optimal health is the primary goal of a holistic medical practice. This comes from the conscious pursuit of the highest level of functioning and balance of the physical, environmental, mental, emotional, social and spiritual aspects of human experience. The result is a state of being fully alive, a condition of well-being transcending the mere absence or presence of disease.The Healing Power of Love: Integrative holistic physicians strive to relate to patients with grace, kindness and acceptance, emanating from the attitude of unconditional love as life’s most powerful healer.Wholeness: Illness is a dysfunction of the whole person – body, mind and spirit – or the environment in which they live, rather than simply a physical disorder or a random isolated event.Prevention and treatment: Integrative holistic practitioners promote health, prevent illness and manage disease processes. Integrative holistic medical treatment balances relief of symptoms with mitigation of causes.Innate healing power: All persons have innate powers of healing of body, mind and spirit. Integrative holistic physicians evoke these powers and help patients utilize them to affect the healing process.Integration of healing systems: Integrative holistic physicians embrace a variety of safe and effective options in diagnosis and treatment, including education for lifestyle changes and self-care, complementary approaches, and conventional drugs and surgery.Relationship-centered care: The quality of the relationship between physician and patient is a major determinant of healing outcomes, which encourages patient autonomy and values the needs and insights of patient and practitioner alike.Individuality: Integrative holistic physicians expend as much effort in discerning a patient’s uniqueness as they do in establishing what disease may be present.Teaching by example: Integrative holistic physicians continually work toward the personal incorporation of the principles of holistic health, in turn profoundly influencing patients by their own example and lifestyle choices.Learning opportunities: All life experiences including birth, illness, suffering, joy, and the dying process are profound learning opportunities for both patients and integrative holistic physicians.These are the principles we strive for in our practice and in our lives each and every day, and it is what we believe is possible for every provider, patient and for the future of medicine as a whole.
By The Nelson Daily SportsSaturday’s West Kootenay Peewee Rep playoff game between Nelson and Rossland/Trail at the Cominco Arena ended in controversy after the referee disallowed a game-tying goal by the visiting Leafs.Rossland/Trail went on to win the game 4-3 and the first-team-to-four point series 4-0.“I never seen anything like this before . . . not even on television,” said Nelson coach Ron Podgorenko.“Maybe on Johnny Carson,” he added.The controversy happened with less than a minute remaining in the game and Rossland/Trail clinging to a 4-3 lead.The puck was shot into the Rossland/Trail end. The play should have been whistled for icing but the game officials missed the call. Nelson’s Matt Brind’Amour, with his second of the game, tied the game during a scramble in front of the Rossland/Trail goal.With Nelson celebrating, the Rossland/Trail coach protested vehemently to the official that icing should have been called.The on-ice referee agreed and waved off the goal.Podgorenko immediately protested the decision following the game.“The game should have ended in a tie,” he said. West Kootenay officials are expected to rule on the protest by Tuesday. If Nelson wins the protest a third game will be played this week at the NDCC Arena with Rossland/Trail holding a 3-1 series lead.Merissa Dawson and Everett Hicks also scored for Nelson. Curt Doyle was solid between the pipes for Nelson.Rossland/Trail won the opening game of the series in Nelson 6-5.The winner advances to the B.C. Peewee Rep Tier II Provincials next month in the Fraser [email protected]
…says fired striking workers will be reinstatedAmid the recent industrial dispute whereby 61 Bauxite Company of Guyana Inc (BCGI) workers were fired for protesting against a one per cent arbitrary salary increase, Natural Resources Minister Raphael Trotman said that better systems should be implemented to reduce the possibility of such occurrences in the future.Trotman told the media on Monday that a collective bargaining agreement should be forged between the company and its workers, since the present situation was testament to the absence of such a pact.RUSAL’s operation at Aroaima, Region 10 (Upper Demerara-Berbice)“I think, ultimately, the better systems need to be put in place for managing good relations. On one hand, I think the company needs to understand that we do have laws and the workers need to follow a collective bargain agreement, so the answer lies in getting a firm collective bargain between the company and the workers. As long as there is an absence of such an agreement, we’re going to have this tension which erupts periodically,” the Minister said.BCGI – which is owned by RUSAL – dismissed 61 workers on February 19, since the employment contract prohibits them from downing tools and engaging in strike action.Following several rounds of meetings between Government, the workers and company officials, Minister Trotman said he expected a positive response from the bauxite company by Wednesday.Reinstated“The workers will all be reinstated, and I think nothing short of that is expected … I would expect for us to get back into production and normalcy by Wednesday the latest. RUSAL ought to be able to give not just the Government but, most importantly, the workers some positive news,” said the Minister.Natural Resources Minister Raphael TrotmanHe said the expectation was that RUSAL would stand by Guyana’s laws, as the Government stood by the company when sanctions were imposed by the US. Moreover, there is need for the company to strike a balance with its employees to ensure that they accept the wages offered, the Minister added.“We want to see workers that are comfortable, both with their wages and conditions of work. And we want to see a company working in Guyana that is earning a fair rate of return on its investments, so it’s finding that balance between aiding the company and ensuring that the workers are okay. We stood with the company during its travails with the sanctions. We expect that the company will stand with us and respect the laws in Guyana and the workers.”UnionDuring a meeting at the Labour Department last week, the BCGI representatives said that the company did not recognise the Guyana Bauxite and General Workers Union (GB&GWU).“We have no relation with this union,” a company representative had said. “It happened before I came to Guyana to work … it was an alternative poll [by workers to unionise]. This poll took place on October 3, 2017. It was won by Guyana Bauxite and General Workers Union.“Only a few weeks after, we got information that the judge in (a case decided) this board was constituted with some breaches and could be considered illegal…. I think many people knew the board was illegal. But nobody said to us such a (poll) could be considered nil and void,” the company’s representative said.This is a reference to the judgement issued in the case of the Trade Union Recognition and Certification Board (TURCB) versus the Federation of Independent Trade Unions of Guyana (FITUG).FITUG General Secretary Carvil Duncan had claimed that TURCB unilaterally appointed a chairman in 2015 without consulting it, and only recognised the Guyana Trades Union Congress (GTUC).In the written judgment issued by the High Court on November 8, 2017, it said FITUG was not consulted prior to the appointment of a chair in 2015. This was found to be in violation of the Trade Union Recognition Act, especially as it relates to the selection of a chairman of the organisation.When asked, however, Chief Labour Officer Charles Ogle maintained that the GB&GWU by virtue of winning that poll should be the duly-recognised representative of the bauxite workers. This is, after all, the approach the Ministry has adopted.“They (RUSAL) can’t say that. A poll was done there. The Union is the recognised union; there’s no doubt about that. The GB&GWU is the recognised union. They did a poll and the Union won that poll.”The poll came against the backdrop of eight years of refusal by the BCGI to treat with the GB&GWU. This Union has been crusading against the transgressing of workers’ constitutional right to Freedom of Association and Collective Bargaining (Article 147), and the violation of Section 23 (1) of the Trade Union Recognition Act (1997) in the domestic and international communities.The GB&GWU, as a result of the poll, had renewed calls for the BCGI to honour the laws of Guyana and treat with the Union according to said laws, saying failing to do otherwise would constitute a breach of the law and be continued high-handedness and disrespect shown by management for the sovereignty of Guyana and the workers of Guyana.
Finn Harps Kevin McHugh with Mark Farren at a fundraiser last year Pic by Joe Boland.Former Derry City star Mark Farren is facing a new battle – and you can help.Surgeons have removed 80 to 90 per cent of a tumour in his latest operation, but the procedure has had an effect on the 33-year-old Donegal native’s speech and mobility.The biopsy that followed has indicated that the tumour is a grade four, which means it’s highly aggressive. Farren is seeking medical assistance from an elite cancer centre in Germany and the six-week treatment programme, which costs approximately €30,000, is seen as his best chance of saving or at least prolonging his life.“After six years of fighting against a life-threatening condition, Derry City legend Mark Farren needs your help,” said his family in a statement.“Mark’s third surgery took place a month ago and surgeons removed 80-90% of a tumour. The invasive nature of the tumour has had a stunting effect on his speech and mobility. The biopsy which followed has indicated that the tumour is a grade 4, meaning it’s highly aggressive.“Being no stranger to thinking outside the box, Mark is seeking medical assistance from an elite cancer centre in Germany. The six week treatment programme is his best chance of saving or at least prolonging his life. Treatment will cost approximately €30,000. “This is the one goal with which Mark needs our help and any contribution is greatly appreciated.“Over the coming weeks there will be a number of fundraising activities led by Mark’s former team mates Kevin McHugh, Ruaidhri Higgins and Ciaran Martyn, along with PFA Ireland and other sporting bodies, including Mark’s former clubs Derry City and Glenavon.”Farren scored more than a goal a game in a prolific nine year spell with the Foylesiders, eventually surpassing Liam Coyle’s club record of 113 goals.He was named the PFAI’s Player of the Year in 2005 and although he retired from the game in May 2011 after he was diagnosed with a tumour, he returned to the Derry squad the following September before joining Glenavon early in 2013.Please help him: €2,000 has already been raised. You can donate here:http://gogetfunding.com/project/mark-farrens-treatment-fundMARK FARREN CANCER BATTLE: HOW YOU CAN HELP was last modified: May 2nd, 2015 by John2Share this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:appealfundraiserMark Farren
1. Prashanth Ak, “Human inhumanity,” Science,8 May 2009: Vol. 324. no. 5928, p. 726, DOI: 10.1126/science.1173430.2. Immordino-Yang, McColl, Damasio and Damasio, “Neural correlates of admiration and compassion,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, published online April 20, 2009, doi: 10.1073/pnas.0810363106.3. Jean-Jacques Hublin, “The prehistory of compassion,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, published online April 20, 2009, doi: 10.1073/pnas.0902614106.None of these articles comes close to being as sophisticated as Stephen Pinker’s essay last year (01/20/2008) in terms of knowledge of the deep philosophical issues involved, and that essay collapsed into a self-refuting singularity. These authors did little more than wallow in their own Darwinian vomit. One should feel compassion for them (Mark 4:34).(Visited 7 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 Darwinists continue to try to lay claim to morality (cf. 01/20/2008, 05/02/2008, 03/12/2009) If Darwinism is to succeed as a comprehensive world view, it must explain this innate sense we all have that certain actions (e.g., torturing babies, slavery, genocide) are morally wrong. Without a God telling man “Thou shalt not”, how can all humans converge on a moral standard? One way Darwinists attempt to explain morality is to find continuity between apparent moral behaviors of lower animals and humans. Another way is to analyze reactions in the brain when humans are thinking moral thoughts and explain it in terms of physical activity in the neurons. The most common way is to explain morality as an artifact of survival strategies that can be expressed in game theory. Here are some recent attempts that surfaced in the scientific literature.Law of the hyena: The continuity approach was shown on New Scientist, where Deborah Blum reviewed a new book by Marc Bekoff and Jessica Pierce, Wild Justice: The moral lives of animals (Ms Blum is a professor of science journalism at the University of Wisconsin-Madison).Their definition of morality is a strongly Darwinian one. They see moral actions as dictated by the behavioural code of social species, the communal operating instructions that bond a group safely together, the “social glue” of survival. They believe such codes are necessarily species-specific and warn against, for instance, judging wolf morals by the standards of monkeys, dolphins or humans…. Bekoff and Pierce have a larger goal than simply telling nice animal stories or even describing a kind of biological morality. They also hope to persuade readers that humans aren’t so different from our fellow voyagers on planet Earth. These moral behaviours, they argue, are evidence of a kind of evolutionary continuity between humans and other species. This, they acknowledge, may be an even harder sell than the notion of a cooperative hyena. “Many people are uncomfortable with the idea of ascribing morality to animals because it seems to threaten the uniqueness of humans,” they write.More research is needed on this “provocative thesis,” Ms Blum said. It seems to leave some questions begging, though: how can “moral behaviors” be described as moral at all without some standard of morality? If such descriptions are mere anthropomorphisms, how is our morality to be judged? And if animals were proven to exhibit some kind of “morality,” why should Darwinism be the only explanation for it, or the best one? Blum ended by watching a hyena at the zoo and wondering which one is the moral animal. Wesley J. Smith posted a response on his blog Secondhand Smoke.Cruel joke: Another book review, this time in Science,1 deals with the subject of human cruelty. Prashanth Ak reviewed Kathleen Taylor’s new book Cruelty: Human Evil and the Human Brain (Oxford, 2009). This book takes the neurological approach to morality. The author said at one point, “To get a deeper view of cruelty, therefore, means plunging our attention into a sea of neurons, the soggy, fatty mass from which cruelty is born.” She did not give much hope for finding the roots of cruelty in the brain: “[f]uzzy blobs rather than tidy packets is certainly what our understanding of neuroscience, with its emphasis on probability, suggests we should expect.” Ak was not particularly impressed with her imprecision. He did, however, praise the book as an overview: “Addressing cruelty from multiple perspectives, including moral and evolutionary ones, the book does accord a complex subject its due.” He felt the book only provides an introduction to a subject that begs for more research. Before delving into the neuroscientific basis of cruelty (or anything else, for that matter) and its mechanisms, one wants to have a clear, rigorous intellectual framework that will allow the formulation of precise, experimentally tractable questions. No such framework currently exists for cruelty. As political scientist Judith Shklar pointed out in her classic essay “Putting Cruelty First”, philosophers have generally avoided the topic—as, surprisingly, have political theorists. In general, academic (especially American) discourse, which holds dear enlightenment notions of an inexorable march to perfection, has not focused on the darker recesses of the human condition, other than to treat them as (regrettable) anomalies. The typical approach has been to pathologize problematic behaviors, removing them from the ambit of normalcy. Surprisingly few citations to cruelty occur in scholarly literature; many that do are with reference to sadism. In older anthropology literature, cruelty was often discussed in connection with “savages,” who were supposed to possess an abundance of it.Ak did not end with any suggestions for a better framework. He just hopes this book “will encourage fresh thought on an issue that continues to be central to human existence.” For an earlier book review by Prashanth Ak, see the 05/02/2008 entry, bullet 6, “Can’t Darwinize the Golden Rule.”This is your brain on compassion: Another neurological approach to morality was exhibited in a paper in PNAS,2 “Neural correlates of admiration and compassion.” It is not clear whether the authors intended to say that compassion is merely a brain phenomenon. They did state, “the evidence from neural activity patterns and neural time courses in our experiment suggests a differentiation in the processing of these emotional feelings, in keeping with the complex sociocultural context with which they are associated, building from those related to physical pain and skill to those that transcend immediate involvement of the body to engage the psychological and moral dimensions of a situation.” There was a passing statement that could be interpreted as a Darwinian reference: “feelings of admiration and compassion recruit the brain’s ancient bioregulatory structures….” Mostly, they just seemed interested in which parts of the brain lit up using functional MRI when their subjects (“Thirteen right-handed, native English-speaking Americans”) were stimulated with stories that evoked admiration or compassion.Food fight: The last paper examined in this entry contained a combination of game theory and continuity. Jean-Jacques Hublin wrote a commentary for PNAS entitled, “The prehistory of compassion.”3 This excerpt shows the twin explanatory references:From an evolutionary perspective, the forms of altruism observed in animals in general and in non-human primates, in particular, have been primarily interpreted as either support to kin (helping those who carry the same genes) or support to those able to reciprocate the favor (helping oneself indirectly). This is in contrast to the trivial observation of humans helping others, even when the helper receives no immediate benefit and the person being helped is a stranger. However, claims have been made that the level of altruism displayed by chimpanzees could be much higher than what was once thought.Hublin referred to observations of chimpanzees appearing to show compassion to other chimpanzees in distress. “However,” he noted, “this incipient altruism seen in chimpanzees seems to disintegrate in competitive situations or when food sharing is involved.” He speculated on why the human race is different: “Because the increase in meat consumption is considered to be a major evolutionary change in early Homo, these hominins had to strengthen a behavior likely preexisting.” Anthropomorphisms aside, he also suggested that the extended childhood of early man may have also strengthened the incipient compassion seen in chimps: “In the course of our evolution, this was made possible only by having the support of group members other than the mother.” This begs the question of whether extended childhood was the cause or the effect of the behavior – if either. Whatever he meant to say, he ended with an appeal to evolutionary continuity:Finally, the divide between apes and early humans might not be as large as one tends to think. Rather than considering ancient human altruism as proof of the moral values of our predecessors, one should instead see it as merely part of the spectrum of adaptations that have made humans such a prolific and successful species.But were early humans successful because they were compassionate, or were they compassionate because they were successful? And what is the source of the light that produced the spectrum? He didn’t say.
The cover story of Science this week is about turtle evolution. The caption on the cover illustration, which compares the skeleton of a turtle, chicken and mouse, reads, “The turtle body plan is unusual in that the ribs are transformed into a carapace, and the scapula, situated outside the ribs in other animals, is found inside the carapace. A report on page 193 explains the evolutionary origin of this inside-out skeletal morphology.” So let’s walk outside-in to this issue and see if the promised explanation can be found. The title of our entry is the same as Olivier Rieppel (Field Museum, Chicago): “How Did the Turtle Get Its Shell?” The first thing we learn from Rieppel is that there are two opposing camps among evolutionary biologists: the transformationists and the emergentists. The first group sounds like old-style Darwinians: “The classic transformationist approach sees morphological evolution as a result of natural selection working on variation manifest in reproducing organisms.” The emergentists, by contrast, look for variations in embryonic development. This difference determines what members of either paradigm are looking for to explain the unique skeletons and shells of turtles. Transformationists look for adaptations in the adult form that might have been passed on to the progeny. They might look for incipient plates in the skin, for instance, that could have ossified over the generations, then fused into a shell. Emergentists, instead, would observe the developmental stages of turtles to look for clues about their evolutionary history. That’s the approach members of the Laboratory for Evolutionary Morphology at the RIKEN Center for Developmental Biology in Japan took in their scientific paper in same issue of Science.2 A key player in the story was the fossil turtle Odontochelys announced last year (see 11/29/2008), which had a plastron (front shell) but no carapace (back shell). Scientists back then were debating whether the fossil was a missing link or a specialized turtle derived from pre-existing fully-formed turtles. This team acknowledged the debate: “It cannot be ruled out that the carapace of this animal merely underwent a secondary degeneration,” they said; “however, if it really possessed the precarapacial dorsal ribs as reconstructed (Fig. 4), the evolution of the turtle body plan would be consistent with the embryonic development of the modern turtle.” This means that their hypothesis about turtle evolution depends on accepting one side of the debate. As for how the skeleton of a pre-turtle vertebrate could have undergone the spectacular modifications required, in which the scapula bones dived inside the rib cage (instead of remaining outside as in all other vertebrates), and the ribs fused to the carapace, forming a complete circle and ridge connected to the plastron, the authors looked to turtle embryos for evidence. Rieppel summarized their research:Nagashima et al. observed that during early development of the Chinese soft-shelled turtle Pelodiscus sinensis (see the figure), translocation of the ribs to a position outside the shoulder blade involves folding of the lateral body wall along a line that defines the later formation of the carapacial ridge. This folding restricts rib growth to the horizontal plane of the carapacial disk and also maintains the shoulder blade in its superficial position relative to the folded body wall. This organization is thought to characterize ancestral turtles. Some muscles that develop from the muscle plate that is associated with the folding body wall even retain their “ancestral connectivities” in the adult.Since there are no ancestral turtle embryos to observe, how can they think about what characterized them? Here’s where they tied in their story with Odontochelys. Rieppel continues:Nagashima et al. hypothesize that in this ancestral turtle, the carapacial ridge was differentiated only along the side of the trunk, remaining incomplete anteriorly and posteriorly. Only later during the evolution of turtles would the carapacial ridge be completed, causing the anteriormost trunk rib to grow across the shoulder blade and localizing the latter inside the ribcage.So the researchers would not only have to take the emergentist view from the start, they would also have to assume that Odontochelys was a missing link instead of a specialized form. This stacks two assumptions on top of each other. It even sounds a bit like Haeckel’s discredited “Biogenetic Law” (also called the Recapitulation Theory) that asserted, “Ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny.” The authors almost said that, in fact. Watch for that word recapitulate and see how they used it:Odontochelys reconstructed by Li et al. resembles the embryonic modern turtles in some respects (Fig. 2, A and E, and Fig. 4), and this animal may represent an ancestral state. The Odontochelys-like, ancestral pattern is still retained in the first rib in modern turtles (Fig. 4, right). Although it remains to be seen whether latissimus dorsi of Odontochelys was shifted rostrally (Fig. 4, middle), its pectoralis would have established a new attachment to the dorsal aspect of the plastron (Fig. 4, middle). Thus, the developmental sequence of P. sinensis may not wholly recapitulate the suggested evolutionary sequence of turtles. Nevertheless, the above suggests that the dorsal arrest of ribs can now be assumed to have taken place by the common ancestor of Odontochelys and modern turtles, and in the latter, the completed CR would have allowed for emergence of the carapace (Fig. 4, bottom). The modern turtles have acquired their unique body plan by passing through an Odontochelys-like ancestral state during embryonic development. Our embryological study may help to explain the developmental changes involved in both the pre- and post-Odontochelys steps of turtle evolution, from an evolutionary developmental perspective.So although they couched their Biogenetic-Law explanation with the disclaimer that the developmental sequence (ontogeny) of modern turtle embryos “may not wholly recapitulate” the ancestral evolutionary sequence (phylogeny), they turned right around and depended on Recapitulation Theory to explain turtle evolution. They said, “The modern turtles have acquired their unique body plan by passing through an Odontochelys-like ancestral state during embryonic development.” This would only make sense, of course, “from an evolutionary developmental perspective” – i.e., the emergentist view of evolution, which may itself be a recapitulation of Haeckel’s view.1. Olivier Rieppel, “Evolution: How Did the Turtle Get Its Shell?”, Science, 10 July 2009: Vol. 325. no. 5937, pp. 154-155, DOI: 10.1126/science.1177446.2. Nagashima, Sugahara, Takechi, Ericcson, Kawashima-Ohya, Narita and Kuratani, “Evolution of the Turtle Body Plan by the Folding and Creation of New Muscle Connections,” Science, 10 July 2009: Vol. 325. no. 5937, pp. 193-196, DOI: 10.1126/science.1173826.This entry should not be entitled, “How did the turtle get its shell?” but rather, “How did the evolutionist get its tall tale about how the turtle got its shell?” The BBC News called this a “spectacular insight into turtle evolution.” National Geographic contorted this story with the line, “Turtles Have Shells Due to Embryo Origami,” and said “The findings shed light on turtle evolution.” *Sigh.* It is really quite shocking to see slipshod Haeckelian logic employed by today’s evolutionists, and for Science to publish it, knowing that the popular media will gobble it whole and barf it out for the public (see next entry). Stephen Jay Gould would have been appalled. Recapitulation was tossed into the dustbin of Darwinism decades ago. There is no reason even from an “evolutionary perspective” to expect modern embryos to retain any memory of their assumed evolutionary past, or to think that adult forms are somehow more evolved than the embryo is. Stephen Jay Gould argued that the adult is actually a degenerate form of the embryo (neoteny), not a more advanced stage. That’s the reverse of what the Recapitulation Theory paradigm teaches. Besides, one can’t explain that modern turtle embryos are recapitulating their evolutionary past without assuming the very thing one needs to prove. Yet here it is: Haeckel Recapitulation Theory Biogenetic Law Nonsense popping up again in Science. Worse yet, the emergentist view of evolution is little more than a restatement of the Stuff Happens Law (09/15/2008 commentary). Something weird happened in a pre-turtle vertebrate embryo, things got shuffled around, and presto! the turtle was born. Why? Stuff happens. If you need more convincing that the evolutionary just-so story “How the Turtle Got Its Shell” is summarized by “Stuff Happens,” look at prior attempts: 11/22/2008 piece, “Turtle Vaults Over 65 Million Year Evolutionary Hurdle,” where the explanation amounted to, “We have no idea.” In the 10/09/2008 entry, the scientists said, “Exactly why turtles evolved their shell remains a mystery.” Check out the 07/03/2002 entry, where some evolutionists tried to convince readers that the chickens and turtles are sisters despite their radically different skeletons. Coming up with that idea required contorted attempts at card stacking. Conclusion: evolutionists are clueless about why these amazingly-adapted, completely-formed animals are the way they are. The observational facts do not allow for stories about turtle evolution. There are no fossil pre-turtles. If scientists want to stick to empiricism, they cannot appeal to unobservable entities like some mythical common ancestor of turtles. The evidence only permits them to state scientifically that “turtles have always been turtles.” Why not leave it at that? Answer: evolutionary religion requires them to insert turtles into the great chain of being known as Turtle Cosmology.(Visited 86 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Difficulty:2.5Terrain:1.5 Image by juliuscoxWaffles, beer, chocolate—what comes to mind when you think of Belgium? If you’re one of the 6,000+ geocachers who have visited the busy city center in Bruges, you may remember the country for a different, highly Favorited reason: this Geocache of the Week!Image by meisernatorBruges is a canal-based city, in the same boat as Amsterdam and Venice. Its atmosphere and position as the capital of Flanders attracts visitors from all over the world. The Traditional cache in Markt (market square) is one of a series of 308 caches designed to bring geocachers to every province of Flanders, each offering a clue to the series final, ‘bonus’ cache. However, the geocache in Bruges, RV 5.08 : Brugge, far exceeds the Favorite points of any other cache in this series.Image by agnes.fleurThe cache enjoys a prime location inside the bustling commercial square. There are a few tricks to this Traditional, however. The first is that it is hidden in plain sight; the four million muggles that visit the area per year have likely sat on it, kicked its tires, or even tested out the pedals. That’s right, this regular-sized geocache is hidden on a bicycle (painted in classic Geocaching colors, of course)! Because this is a common mode of transportation within the city, this host vehicle blends right into the surrounding area. Image by Honu58 Image by Lilah&Lackó Image by DUCKYMIKE Image by Moonmatte Image by alan DuncanJust because you’ve found ground zero doesn’t mean your job is complete—this geocache is a field puzzle. On the bicycle, there are two panniers labeled A and B. Pannier A, whose lock combination is gifted with open hands in the cache hint, holds instructions to visit specific locations within the market square, admiring the medieval architecture along the way. Only by doing this can the clues necessary to open pannier B be found, which holds the logbook. Image by lacrapsul Image by Moonmatte Image by Comètes Image by k a k a u Image by Keinohrhasen Image by madbugz Image by k a k a u Image by SoniaBeard Image by viennacache Image by PaFeLu Image by SwagHo Image by Puschmuckl Image by Sandokannetje69 Image by Team_AquaCache owner, cricri010, thoughtfully brings attention to some very important and picturesque places within the square: the bustling market vendors and chocolatiers, the sparkle of the gilded edifice of the Provinciaal Hof (Provincial Palace), and the dominating steeple of the belfry. It makes the experience of this geocache the dominating memory of everyone’s trip to the area.Image by WaFiKriDiWhich geocaches spark memories of a particular location?Continue to explore some of the most amazing geocaches around the world.Check out all of the Geocaches of the Week on the Geocaching blog. If you would like to nominate a Geocache of the Week, fill out this form.Share with your Friends:More SharePrint RelatedGeocache of the Week Video Edition — De drie hoofddeugden (GC3G6DH)June 11, 2014In “Community”The Most Found Geocache in the WorldMay 19, 2013In “Community”Country Spotlight: Five fun caches in PolskaApril 16, 2019In “Geocaching Weekly Newsletter” Location:Bruges, BrusselsN 51° 12.543 E 003° 13.476 TraditionalGC4XMCMby cricri010
BARRIE, Ont. – Police say a staple of action movies was played out in real life in Barrie, Ont.They say a man is in custody after leading officers on a foot chase across rooftops in the city.Police say officers spotted a man who was known to be wanted late Friday night, but he eluded them.Investigators say he was later located in a downtown alley and climbed to a rooftop in an effort to flee.They say he was arrested after running out of rooftops to hop to.A 22-year-old Barrie man is charged with four counts of failing to comply with recognizance, two counts of assault with intent to resist arrest and one count of escaping lawful custody.